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The most Important Facts on Student Loan Delinquency and Default

Understanding the consequences of loan delinquency and default

There is a very small number of students who don’t have to borrow money to finance their educational costs. Educational loans are the best way for many of college students to gain academic degree because they generally can be deferred until graduation. This means that you will enjoy a grace period after you left school which can allow you to start working before you have to begin paying off your loans. The federal student loans provided by the US Department of Education like Stafford Loans, Perkins Loans or PLUS Loans offer up to nine months grace period after graduation to start repaying your student loans.

It is not unusual, however, for a large number of students to fall making their loan payments when they are due, which leads into delinquency. Delinquency means that you have fallen behind on your loan payments and your account is no longer current. For instance, if you miss to make your payments for a couple of months your loan lender may tag your account as “delinquent”, which in essence means that you owe back payments and are not yet in complete default.

Loan delinquency has numerous consequences which may include some of the following:

  • Extra fees and penalties
  • Bad credit effects
  • Collection efforts
  • Potential Default

The first you should do after you fall behind on your student loans repayment is to call your loan lender or lenders to settle an agreement on your payments and make a deal that works for both parties. Consecutive missed loan payments or extensive delinquency may lead into student loan default. Default comes about after 270 days of failure to pay on a federal student loan or 120 days of nonpayment on a private loan. Under most federal student loans your loan will be put into default after nine months of missed payments, and for majority of private student loans you have to miss about three months of payments to put your loan into default, though this depend on the specific loan lender.

Default cause severe consequences and some of them are following:

  • Bad credit record
  • Cancellation of federal student aid eligibility
  • Additional late fees and penalties
  • Possibility of going to court
  • Potential Default
  • Cutting off of Tax Return
  • Annulment of certain repayment benefits
  • Loss of professional license
  • Incapability to join the armed forces

The best way to avoid these serious consequences is to ensure you make your payments on time.  Defaulting on federal student loans is in general worse than defaulting on private student loans owing to the fact that the government can’t take action without the court’s intervention. However, it is less possible to default on federal student loans because there is a great deal of available repayment benefits with these loan plans.

Getting Out of Default

There are different federally authorized rehabilitation programs designed to help student loan borrowers to get out of debt giving them an opportunity to bring their loans out of default. Rehabilitation can repeal negative consequences of student loan defaulting. Participation in these rehabilitation programs is granted to students who take federal student loans.

Rehabilitation program involves a number of things. A representative from Default Collections will set up a monthly repayment plan for you and must approve the monthly payment sum required to participate in this 10-month program. First, borrower must make at least nine qualifying in-time loan repayments. In the case any of payments is missed, student has to begin paying off plan for the beginning. After completing of rehabilitation agreement, the underwriter transfers the loan to a lender and servicer and the loan is considered out of default. Borrower then once more becomes eligible to get the student financial aid such as student loans, scholarships or grants. In addition, he or she is able to apply for deferment and forbearance as long as these have not been exhausted for the period of default.

How to Avoid Going Into Default

Prior to taking out a student loan you should be sure that you will be able to make your loan payments when they become due. The best thing connected to federal student loans is that you don’t have to repay it until you left the school and they come with six to nine grace period after graduation. The interest on some loans starts to accumulate when the loan is given. Keep in mind that if you don’t have a subsidized loan then you will be responsible for that interest which starts to accrue right after the loan is given. However, if you realize that you are going to fall making your payments on time, you should contact your loan provider and utilize any available deferment, forbearance or repayment-adjusted option to avoid going into delinquency which often leads into student loans default.

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